This was the most revolutionary school of art and architecture. It was founded by the pioneering modern architect Walter Gropius at Weimar in Germany in 1919. It replaced the traditional teacher-pupil method of teaching with a community based learning system. The aim was to associate art and life together, for the first time giving design and art the same weight. A major influence in the foundation of the "Bauhaus" school was the backlash from the horrors of the First World War, so one of its aims may have been to produce a new society. Needless to say the Nazis closed it down in 1933 but Bauhaus ideals lived on through a few artists, among which Joseph Albers who in 1933 moved to North Carolina.